A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 4th edition - download pdf or read online

By John M. Last

ISBN-10: 0195141687

ISBN-13: 9780195141689

ISBN-10: 0195141695

ISBN-13: 9780195141696

Dictionary making by no means ends simply because languages are regularly altering. regularly occurring in the course of the global, this booklet will proceed to function the traditional English-language dictionary of epidemiology in its Fourth version. It covers the entire universal phrases utilized in epidemiology and plenty of from similar fields corresponding to biostatistics, infectious illness keep an eye on, well-being promoting, genetics, scientific epidemiology, well-being economics, and scientific ethics. The definitions are transparent and concise, yet there's area for a few short essays and discussions of the provenance of vital phrases. subsidized by means of the foreign Epidemiological organization, the dictionary represents the consensus of epidemiologists in lots of varied nations. the entire definitions have been reviewed time and again by way of a global community of individuals from each significant department of epidemiology. they're authoritative with out being authoritarian. The Fourth version includes good over a hundred and fifty new entries and titanic revisions of concerning the related variety of definitions, plus a dozen new illustrations. a few of the new phrases relate to tools utilized in environmental and medical epidemiology.

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Additional info for A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 4th edition

Example text

False conclusions about the explanation for associations between variables. Example: Having correctly deduced the mode of transmission of cholera, John Snow concluded that yellow fever was transmitted by similar means. In fact, the "miasma" theory would have been a better fit for the facts of yellow fever transmission. BIAS IN AUTOPSY SERIES Systematic error resulting from the fact that autopsies represent a nonrandom sample of all deaths. BIAS IN HANDLING OUTLIERS Error arising from a failure to discard an unusual value occurring in a small sample or due to exclusion of unusual values that should be included.

HIV seroprevalence namog sexually transmitted infeection patients by gen der, selected African countries, 1990-1993. From Mann J M, Tarantola DJM, eds. AIDS in the World II. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996, p. 47. where D = disease, S = symptom, and D = no disease. The formula emphasizes what clinical intuition often overlooks, namely, that the probability of disease given this symptom depends not only on how characteristic that symptom is of the disease but also on how frequent the disease is among the population being served.

Alteration of factor C would produce an alteration in the frequency of disease A. " ASSOCIATION, SPURIOUS A term, preferably avoided, used with different meanings by different authors. It may refer to artifactual, fortuitous, false secondary, or to all kinds of noncausal associations due to chance, bias, failure to control for extraneous variables, confounding, etc. ASSOCIATION, SYMMETRICAL An association is noncausal if it is symmetrical, as in the statement F = MA (force equals mass times acceleration).

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